UCR

Center for Plant Cell Biology



Members


Sean CutlerSean Cutler

Associate Professor of Plant Cell Biology and Chemistry

Mailing Address:

Botany and Plant Sciences
Chemistry
Genomics Building /3119A
University of California
Riverside, CA 92521
Phone: (951) 827-6990
Fax: (951) 827-4437
Email: sean.cutler@ucr.edu

UCR Living the Promise Profile (2010)
Lab Website

Degree(s):

PhD 2001 Stanford University
MS 1995 University of Toronto
BA 1991 University of Toronto

College/Division Affiliation:

College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences

Center/Inst Affiliation(s):

Center for Plant Cell Biology

Areas Of Expertise:

Chemical Genomics; Analysis and Exploitation of Natural Variation Using Small Molecules

Awards / Honors:

2011  ASPB (American Society of Plant Biologists)  Charles Albert Shull Award
2010  Science Watch Fast Breaking Papers 2010
2009  Top 10 Breakthrough List, Science
Canadian Research Chair in Plant Functional Genomics

Research Summary:

Research in the Cutler lab is focused on two interrelated research interests– the use of chemical genetics to identify new factors that regulate Arabidopsis cell expansion and the analysis and exploitation of natural variation using small molecules. Both of these goals have been pursued in parallel using a collection of ~1000 small molecule cell expansion inhibitors that the lab identified in several small molecule screens for new inhibitors of etiolated hypocotyl cell expansion. To harness the power of natural variation, the lab's screens incorporated parallel assays that used multiple ecotypes and this demonstrated that variation in sensitivity to small molecules is pervasive between Arabidopsis isolates. This variation can be used to identify natural drug-resistance and drug-hypersensitivity alleles (Figure 1) and provided evidence for an unusual mechanism of pro-drug activation through glucosylation. This pathway uses enzymes that are homologous to human drug metabolism enzymes (UGTs) and thus showed that natural variation in the same enzyme families can create pharmacogenetic variation across biological kingdoms.

The lab’s efforts have recently focused on understanding the mechanism of action of a newly isolated agonist of the Abscisic Acid (ABA) signal transduction pathway named Pyrabactin (Figure 2). Pyrabactin was identified as a germination inhibitor in our original screen and a combination of genetic, transcriptomic and physiological evidence show that Pyrabactin activates the ABA pathway in a manner very similar to ABA and does not do so by increasing ABA biosynthesis. As such, Pyrabactin is the first ABA agonist that is not an ABA analog. In addition, Pyrabactin shows intriguing selectivity for the seed ABA signaling pathway; thus our characterization of Pyrabactin will provide new insight into the ABA signal trasnduction pathway and its developmental regulation.

 
Figure 1. Natural variation in drug sensitivity is mediated by the UDP-Glucosyltransferase HYR1. In the left panel, the difference in sensitivity between Columbia and Landsberg to the cell expansion inhibitor hypoststatin in shown. Our genetic and chemical analyses of hypostatin have shown that hypostatin is a pro-drug that is activated in vivo by HYR1 mediated glucosylation revealing an unusual case of pro-drug activation via glycosylation.
Figure 2. Pyrabactin: a small molecule agonist of the ABA signal transduction pathway. Shown are whole genome microarray profiles of ABA and Pyrabactin treated seeds. Plotted are log transformed data for any transcript showing a significant response to either ABA or Pyrabactin. The similar transcriptional responses (r = 0.91) )induced by ABA and Pyrabactin suggests that it activates the ABA signaling pathway, a conclusion that is additionally supported by genetic evidence .

http://genomics.ucr.edu/userfiles/image/faculty/sean-cutler/UGT_white_background_iigb.jpg

Related Press Releases:

BBC News July 22, 2013: Creating new life - and other ways to feed the world

UCR Today July 1, 2013: Improving Crop Yields in a World of Extreme Weather Events

UCR December 19, 2011: A Major Step Forward Towards Drought Tolerance in Plants

Science Watch Interview April 2010: Fast Breaking Papers 2010

UCR August 25, 2010: Plant Scientists Move Closer to Making Any Crop Drought-tolerant

NY Times April 30, 2009: What if Scientists Didn't Compete?

CBC News April 30, 2009: Gene Discovery Could Help Make Crops Resistant to Heat, Drought

UCR April 3, 2009: Synthetic Chemical Offers Solution for Crops Facing Drought

 

Selected Publications:

List of publications from HubMed

Lab Personnel:

Park, Sang
Assistant Specialist — Molecular Mechanism of Pyrabactin Action
Mosquna, Assaf
Postgraduate Researcher — Chemical Genetics
Defries, Andrew
Graduate Student Researcher — Chemical Genetics
Yao, Jin
Graduate Student Researcher — Chemical Genetics

More Information

General Campus Information

University of California, Riverside
900 University Ave.
Riverside, CA 92521
Tel: (951) 827-1012

Career OpportunitiesUCR Libraries
Campus StatusDirections to UCR

Center Information

Center for Plant Cell Biology
Botany & Plant Sciences Department
2150 Batchelor Hall

Tel: (951) 827-7177
Fax: (951) 827-5155
E-mail: genomics@ucr.edu

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